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Castle Journal

Castle Journal

China is launching The second Shanghai forum for belt and road initiative with the attendees of major officials of main institutions leads the Chinese economic and well heads of Science social institution who study the influential effective on countries who share the belt and the road initiative.

the forum starts with Egypt attendances through Dr. Abeer Almadawy

Dr. Abeer almadawy, owner of castle journal British group for journalism and media represent Egypt in Chinese Seminar on Informatization and Urban Development for Developing Countries which lunched on 10th of September,2019 and continue up to 30th of September 2019

A significant milestone in the construction of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), the successor to the Hubble observatory, has been reached ahead of its scheduled launch in March 2021, NASA announced on Aug 28.

Engineers at Northrop Grumman's facilities in Redondo Beach, California, the prime contractor for JWST, have connected the two halves – the spacecraft and telescope.

"The assembly of the telescope and its scientific instruments, sunshield and the spacecraft into one observatory represents an incredible achievement by the entire Webb team," said Bill Ochs, Webb project manager of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.

The complex and foldable sunshield can keep the instruments of the telescope cool during operation.

NASA says the JWST will be the world's premier space science observatory designed to explore the universe with its infrared light from the solar system to the remote galaxies.

The engineers have connected the two halves mechanically, while they still need to build and test the electrical connections between the pieces, NASA said in a release.

Both major components of the telescope have been tested individually through the environments that they would encounter during their duty. Still, it will go through additional environmental and deployment testing to ensure the mission is successful.

"This milestone symbolizes the efforts of thousands of dedicated individuals for over more than 20 years across NASA, the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, Northrop Grumman and the rest of our industrial and academic partners," Ochs added.

Facebook's proposed Libra currency could undermine the European Central Bank's ability to set monetary policy and Europe should ignore its siren call of "treacherous promises," ECB board member Yves Mersch said on Monday.

Facebook announced Libra — a new digital coin backed by four official currencies and available to billions of social network users around the world — earlier this year, saying it hoped to launch next year.

"Depending on Libra's level of acceptance and on the referencing of the euro in its reserve basket, it could reduce the ECB's control over the euro, impair the monetary policy transmission mechanism by affecting the liquidity position of euro area banks, and undermine the single currency's international role," Mersch added.

Like regular currencies, Libra would be highly centralized, an "extremely concerning" setup since it is not backed by a lender of last resort and it is ultimately accountable to shareholders, who are not seen as repositories of public trust, Mersch added.

"It is scheduled for release in the first half of 2020 by the very same people who had to explain themselves in front of legislators in the United States and the European Union on the threats to our democracies resulting from their handling of personal data on their social media platform," Mersch added.

Given these challenges, European regulatory and supervisory authorities need to assert jurisdiction over Libra and also need global cooperation to mitigate its risks.

"I sincerely hope that the people of Europe will not be tempted to leave behind the safety and soundness of established payment solutions and channels in favor of the beguiling but treacherous promises of Facebook’s siren call," Mersch added.

Source(s): Reuters

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Sunday that his country is ready to launch another attack at Hezbollah in Lebanon after fire exchanges broke out along the Lebanese border.

Netanyahu said he consulted with the army's command after Hezbollah launched an anti-tank missile attack earlier in the afternoon.

"We are prepared for any scenario and will decide how to continue based on further events," he said, warning Hezbollah not to fire more missiles.

Shortly after 16:00 p.m. local time (13:00 GMT), Hezbollah fired anti-tank missiles at an Israeli military position near the community of Avivim in northern Israel's upper Galilee near the Lebanese border.

Jonathan Conricus, a spokesperson with the Israeli military, told reporters that two or three Hezbollah missiles were fired and hit a battalion headquarters and a military ambulance. Both were damaged.

There were no injuries among the Israeli forces.

Conricus said that in response, the army attacked the Hezbollah squad that fired the missiles with about 100 artillery shells and attack helicopters.

CGTN -Reuters 

Iran is prepared to take a "stronger step" in reducing its commitments under the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers if European countries don't take action to save the pact, its foreign ministry's spokesman said on Monday.

"Iran is prepared for reducing its commitments if the European parties do not show enough determination...The third step has been designed and will be stronger than the first and second steps to create balance between Iran's rights and commitments to the JCPOA," state news agency IRNA quoted the spokesman, Abbas Mousavi, as saying.

Early in the day, Iran's government spokesman Ali Rabiei told state television that Iran and France's views have become closer over the nuclear deal, mainly after phone calls between President Hassan Rouhani and his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron.

"Fortunately the points of views have become closer on many issues and now technical discussions are being held on ways to carry out the Europeans' commitments (in the nuclear deal)," he said without giving details.

Since the U.S. President Donald Trump pulled out of the 2015 nuclear deal last year, European parties to the pact have been trying to convince Iran to remain compliant by promising to shield its economic interests from U.S. sanctions.

During the G7 Summit last month, Macron said that world leaders agreed on joint action on Iran with the aim of defusing tensions and opening a new negotiation with Tehran.

However, Trump, who has pushed a maximum pressure policy on Iran, distanced himself from the proposal, saying while he was happy for France to reach out to Tehran, he would carry on with his own initiatives.

(With input from Reuters)

CGTN- Reuters 

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson summoned ministers to a meeting on Monday, stoking speculation he could call an election if parliament defeats the government over a Brexit plan opponents fear could push the United Kingdom into a ruinous no-deal exit.

Johnson's promise to take the country out of the European Union on October 31 with or without a divorce deal has propelled the United Kingdom toward a constitutional crisis and a battle with the 27 other members of the bloc.

An alliance of opposition lawmakers are plotting with rebels in Johnson's Conservative Party to take control of parliament and tie the government's hands with legislation that would block a no-deal exit, fearing leaving without a deal will be ruinous to the economy.

Just 24 hours until parliament returns on Tuesday from its summer break, Johnson's enforcers warned rebels that if they voted against the government they would be kicked out of his Conservative Party.

With little clarity on whether the deadlocked British parliament might be able to come up with a resolution to the three-year Brexit crisis, talk turned to a possible election.

Johnson has called a cabinet meeting for later on Monday. BBC's political editor, Laura Kuenssberg, said Johnson could ask lawmakers to vote on calling an election if they vote against his government on Brexit.

Kuenssberg said "live discussions" are going on in No. 10 about asking parliament to approve a snap election, and it could happen as soon as Wednesday but no final decision has been taken yet.

Asked if the prime minister was planning an election, Johnson's spokesperson said: "He has been asked this on many, many occasions and his answer has always been that he doesn't want there to be an election."

Speaking at an event in northern England, Corbyn said he wanted an election and that his party would stop a no-deal Brexit.

"We must come together to stop no-deal – this week could be our last chance," Corbyn said in a speech in Salford, northern England. "Then we need a general election."

An election would open up three main options: a Brexit-supporting government under Johnson, a Labour government led by Corbyn or a hung parliament that could lead to a coalition or minority government of some kind.

After Johnson moved to suspend parliament ahead of Brexit, opponents of a no-deal exit are seeking to overturn his decision in the courts. Hearings are due on September 3, 5 and 6.

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About us

 Castle Journal is an international newspaper with daily electronic edition, received the international license by the United Kingdom number 10675, and accredited by the Egyptian Embassy in London, owned by Abeer Almadawy

Castle Journal expresses on the free and human voice specialized in the diplomatic, cultural and scientific media, it is eager to create a close relationship with the readers, who is our priority and considers them a true partner.

Castle Journal holds all the permits for practicing its duties of journalism in all countries of the world and the international organizations