The world's first floating nuclear plant, the Academic Lomonosov, docked on Saturday at its permanent position on the shore of the Chukotka Peninsula in Pefik, Russia's far north.
The nuclear plant, built in St. Petersburg, the first of its kind in the world, has traveled about 5,000 kilometers and started its way from Murmansk to anchor in the port of Pevik, which is scheduled to provide power and electricity.
Exploitation of the floating plant is expected to start around December 30, after the necessary systems are in place and the testing and final booting is carried out.
The 144-meter, 21,000-ton ship, built by the Russian state nuclear power company Ros Atom, contains two 35-megawatt nuclear reactors, similar to those normally used to power icebreakers.
The plant will be used mainly to power oil platforms, while Russia is expanding northward to the Arctic to explore for oil and gas, making electricity needed in these remote areas.
"This may be a small step towards sustainable development in the Arctic, but it is a huge leap to remove carbon from areas far from the energy grid," Rosatom CEO Alexei Lekhachev told RT.
"This is a turning point in the development of small nuclear power plants in the world," he added.
Scientists, nuclear energy experts and environmentalists around the world have welcomed the project.
"To achieve the goal of harmony in the nuclear industry of providing at least 25% of the world's electricity by 2050, we will need to bring the benefits of nuclear energy to more people in a wide range of locations," said Ignetta Rising, Director General of the International Nuclear Association. Lomonosov is the first of a new class of small, versatile nuclear power plants that will provide reliable electricity, heat and clean water, helping to achieve the UN's sustainable development goals. "
Akademik Lomonosov is a pilot project and a "prototype" for a future fleet of floating nuclear power plants and onshore facilities on the basis of small Russian-built modular reactors.
The total cost of installing the plant in Bevik will not be disclosed until the project is completed, but a spokesman for Ross Atom said the technology is very competitive. To produce electricity cheaper than diesel, save money and prevent harmful emissions. "